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|Title:||CITY SANITATION PLAN FOR ROORKEE CITY|
|Authors:||Agel, Rafik. Ab.|
|Keywords:||URBANIZATION;SANITATION -;ROORKEE CITY;WASTE MANAGEMENT|
|Abstract:||Urbanization in India is on a major growth trend. Roorkee town is growing also with cities into becoming from big towns. The services required to match this growth are not growing proportionately and often the available services are not appropriate and adequate and are being stretched too much to accommodate this growth. One of the key services for urban growth which is of major concern is safe water and sanitation. The city sanitation plan (CSP) is a strategic planning processes for complete city wide sanitation plan covering all technical, administrative, social, financial, legal issues concern to solid as well as liquid and biomedical, toxic waste and generated in the city. The total population of Roorkee city as per census 2011, residing in 20 wards, is 116,809. The demand for water supply up to year 2011 has been assumed as 18.13 MLD, wastewater as 14.87 MLD, municipal solid waste as 45 MT and bio-medical waste generated by health care units as 2000 kg daily. The projection population for Roorkee city for the year 2041 is estimated as 166,759. Under the study field data regarding the water quality of the Solani river was assessed by taking samples from various locations the river. Quality of sewage water was assessed by taking samples from several locations in the city, such as industrial area and garage and sewer line and milk dairy also visit and take sample from the main landfill site for solid waste in the Saliyar village, visit the existing sewage pumping stations and natural ponds for collection waste water drainage inside city neighborhoods. The CSP immediate and effective steps as well as remedies and solution to achieve environmental• sanitation to every individual in the city for long term in sustainable manner may be achieved. It is an integrated and holistic planning process which will take- in to account the entire cycle of sanitation-safe access, collection, treatment and disposal. There after plans will be developed individual such as to ensure iv 100 % sustainability and cost -recovery.`As the CSP is a complex phenomenon, which requires large amount of data to support the decision. In the process of planning and management of large data and maps, Geographical Information System (GIS) based planning tools play a very vital role, as maps and data can be stored, manipulated and analyzed .for planning and decision- making. It facilitates and also eases to assess the information spatially. This work is a step to develop an environmentally sustainable appropriate sanitation plan for Roorkee town, Existing situation analysis for waste water. disposal, solid waste management and water supply has been carried out for the city. It highlights the deficiencies in various existing and planned sanitation facilities for the city. The analysis also projects the future demand for water and sanitation services along with the possibility of resource mobilization, institutional development and implementation strategy for achieving city sanitation. The implementation of CSP may cost Rs 237 crore (US $2012 45 Million) and may be implemented 5 years|
|Research Supervisor/ Guide:||Kumar, Arun|
|Appears in Collections:||MASTERS' THESES (HRED)|
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