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|Title:||MAGNESIUM BASED MATERIAL SYSTEM FOR ORTHOPAEDIC APPLICATION|
|Keywords:||Biodegradable Implants;Medical Science.;Magnesium;X–ray diffraction;Hydroxyapatite;Composite|
|Publisher:||Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering IITR|
|Abstract:||The development of biodegradable implants has grown into one of the important areas in medical science. It has fascinated researchers because of the importance in supporting tissue revival and healing, which generally occurs by degradation of the biodegradable implant material and taking up of the place by in-growing new tissue. Its degradability becomes more important for the accessories used to support fractured and damaged bones. Biodegradable accessories help in avoiding the requirement of revision surgery to remove those accessories after healing is complete. The biodegradable orthopaedic materials available in the current market are mainly made of polymers or ceramics. These orthopaedic accessories have an unsatisfactory mechanical strength when used for load-bearing parts. Magnesium and its alloys can be suitable candidate for this purpose due to their outstanding strength to weight ratio, biodegradability, non-toxicity and mechanical properties, similar to natural bone. The major drawback of magnesium is bioactivity and low corrosion resistance in the body, which also influences its mechanical and physical characteristics in service condition. In the present study, an effort has been taken to improve the corrosion resistance, bioactivity and mechanical strength of biodegradable magnesium alloys by synthesizing a Mg alloy matrix composite reinforced with different mass fraction of thermally treated hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2]. The composite is fabricated through powder consolidation route. All the powders were mixed thoroughly with the probe sonicator, cold-compacted and sintered at 5500C. Morphologies, structure and density of the powders and sintered samples were characterized by X–ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and helium pycnometer. The in vitro bio–corrosion (biodegradability) and mechanical behaviours of samples are investigated by electrochemical and compression tests. The experimental results showed that addition of HA could slow down the corrosion rate and improve the mechanical properties of biodegradable magnesium alloy. These studies give an insight on the effect of HA reinforcement on corrosion resistant and mechanical behaviour of composite.|
|Appears in Collections:||DOCTORAL THESES (MMD)|
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